A satellite ground station is an important component of a space communications system. It includes a receiver, antenna, and feed horn. These components are usually mounted on a pedestal and require a wide range of equipment to function properly. The characteristics of these devices determine the types of equipment needed to provide effective service. In addition to the necessary hardware, a satellite ground station also needs to be protected from the weather and other elements.
A ground station is a telecommunications facility on Earth that communicates with spacecraft through radio waves. A typical ground station is located on the surface of the Earth, but sometimes it is embedded within the atmosphere. It receives and transmits radio waves in the ultra-high frequency (UHF) and super-high-frequency (SHF) bands and establishes a telecommunications link. A parabolic antenna is the primary telecommunications device used in a satellite ground station.
The ground station is an integral part of the spacecraft system and is responsible for the extraplanetary communication with spacecraft. The ground station can be on the surface of the Earth or in the atmosphere. It receives and transmits radio waves in the SHF and EHF bands. Its principal telecommunications device is a parabolic antenna. A parabolic antenna is one of the most common types of satellite ground stations.